Confirmation Questioning Service

Confirmation Questioning

June 25, 2020

Introduction:  Tonight Garrett will assist us in presenting the truths of God’s word as confessed in the Catechism. He has worked hard over the past two years, and tonight he will be answering questions taken directly from our Catechism.  

The Foundation of our Teaching -The Word of God

P:  Why do we call the Bible the “Holy Scripture”?

C:  The Bible is the “Holy Scripture” because God the Holy Spirit gave to His chosen writers the thoughts that they expressed and the words that they wrote (verbal inspiration). Therefore, the Bible is God’s own Word and truth, without error (inerrancy).

Martin Luther wanted to help parents teach their children about the Christian faith.  To do this he wrote the Small Catechism in 1529.  Since then the Catechism along with Holy Scripture has been the tool used by parents and pastors to instruct our children.

Garrett:  Q: How does the Small Catechism sum up                                 Christian doctrine? – What are the six chief parts of the Catechism? 

The Ten Commandments

We refer to the Ten Commandments as God’s Law. How did God give us His Law? When God created people he wrote it on their hearts. later, he arranged the Law in Ten Commandments, wrote it on two tablets of stone, and made it known through Moses.

P:  Commandments 1-3 are referred to as the “First Table of the Law,” What is the summary of those commandments? 

C:  Jesus replied, “Love the Lord our God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.”

P:  What is the First Commandment? 

C: “You shall have no other gods.”

P:  What does this mean?

C:  We should fear, love, and trust in God above all things.

P:  What is the Second Commandment? 

C: “You shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God.”

P:  What does this mean? 

C:  We should fear and love God so that we do not curse, swear, use satanic arts, lie, or deceive by His name, but call upon it in every trouble, pray, praise, and give thanks.

Garrett: Q: What is the Third Commandment?

Q:  What does this mean? 

P:  The Second Table of the Law is found in commandments 4-10.  What is the summary of those commandments?

C:  Jesus teaches that the summary of those commandments is to Love your neighbor as yourself.

P:  What is the Fourth Commandment? 

C: “Honor your mother and your father.” 

P:  What does this mean? 

C:  We should fear and love God so that we do not despise or anger our parents and other authorities, but honor them, serve and obey them, love and cherish them.

P:   What is the Fifth Commandment? 

C: “You shall not murder.” 

P:  What does this mean?

C:  We should fear and love God so that we do not hurt or harm our neighbor in his body, but help and support him in every physical need.

Garrett: Q:What is the Sixth Commandment? 

Q:  What does this mean?

P:  What is the Seventh Commandment? 

C: “You shall not steal.”

P:  What does this mean?

C:  We should fear and love God that we do not take our neighbors money or possession, or get them in any dishonest way, but help him to improve and protect his possessions and income.

P:  What is the Eighth Commandment? 

C: “You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor.”

P:  What does this mean? 

C:  We should fear and love God so that we do not tell lies about our neighbor, betray him, slander him, or hurt his reputation, but defend him, speak well of him, and explain everything in the kindest way.

P:  What is the Ninth Commandment? 

C: “You shall not covet your neighbor’s house.” 

P:  What does this mean? 

C:  We should fear and love God so that we do not scheme to get our neighbor’s inheritance or house, or get it in a way which only appears right, but help and be of service to him in keeping it.

P:  What is the Tenth Commandment? 

C: “You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his manservant or maidservant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.”  

P:  What does this mean?

C:  We should fear and love God so that we do not entice or force away our neighbor’s wife, workers, or animals, or turn them against him, but urge them to stay and do their duty.

This evening in our review of the commandments, we have heard the Law of God.  The Law serves as a curb to control sin in the world;  the Law serves as a mirror to show us our sin; and the Law serves as a guide to teach us what we should and should not do to lead a God-pleasing life. The Ten Commandments show us our sin and how much we need a Savior. Thankfully, Jesus, our Savior, came to keep the Law perfectly for us, and he went to the cross to pay for our failure to keep God’s holy Law and earn forgiveness for our sins.

The Apostles’ Creed

P:  We move now to the Second of the Six Chief Parts, the Apostles’ Creed. What is a creed?

C:  A creed is a statement of what Christians believe, teach and confess based on the Word God.

The three ancient creeds used by the Christian Church are the Apostles’ Creed, the Nicene Creed, and the Athanasian Creed. The Apostles’ Creed is the oldest of the three. It clearly expresses the Church’s confession of the Triune God, or Trinity,  that is, God is one in three persons, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.

The creed shows us that God loves us and has done everything to save us from sin through Jesus Christ our Lord.

P:  What is the summary of the First Article?

C:  In the First Article of the creed we confess that God is the Creator of heaven and earth, He made the world and everything in it.

P:  What is the First Article of the Apostles’ Creed? 

C: “I believe in God, the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth.”

P:  What does the First Article of the Apostles’ Creed mean? 

C: “I believe that God has made me and all creatures; that He has given me my body and soul, eyes, ears, and all my members, my reason and all my senses, and still takes care of them.  He also gives me clothing and shoes, food and drink, house and home, wife and children, land, animals, and all I have.  He richly and daily provides me with all that I need to support this body and life.  He defends me against all danger and guards and protects me from all evil.  All this He does only out of fatherly, divine goodness and mercy, without any merit or worthiness in me.  For all this it is my duty to thank and praise, serve and obey Him.  This is most certainly true.

P:  What is the summary of the Second Article? 

C:  The Second article of the Creed focuses on the second person of the Trinity, God the Son, Jesus Christ. We confess what he has done for us.

P:  What is the Second Article of the Apostles’ Creed?  

C:  [I believe] in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord, who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died and was buried.  He descended into hell. The third day He rose again from the dead.  He ascended into heaven and sits at the right hand of God, the Father Almighty.  From thence He will come to judge the living and the dead.

Garrett:  Q: What is the meaning of the Second Article of the Apostles’ Creed?  

P:  What is the focus of the Third Article? 

C:  The Third Article focuses on the third person of the Trinity, God, the Holy Spirit.

P:  What is the Third Article of the Apostles’ Creed? 

C:  I believe in the Holy Spirit, the holy Christian church, the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting.  Amen.

P:  What does the Third Article of the Apostles’ Creed mean? 

C:  I believe that I cannot by my own reason or strength believe in Jesus Christ, my Lord, or come to Him; but the Holy Spirit has called me by the Gospel, enlightened me with His gifts, sanctified and kept me in the true faith.  In the same way He calls, gathers, enlightens, and sanctifies the whole Christian church on earth, and keeps it with Jesus Christ in the one true faith.  In this Christian church He daily and richly forgives all my sins and the sins of all believers.  On the Last Day He will raise me and all the dead, and give eternal life to me and all believers in Christ.  This is most certainly true.

The result of the Holy Spirit’s work through the Gospel is to bring us to faith, and keep us in our faith, that we may receive the promises of God, forgiveness of sins, life and salvation.

The Lord’s Prayer

The Lord’s Prayer shows us that our lives are made holy by God’s Word that is received and believed. We cry out to Him in prayer because we believe what he has promised us. The Lord’s Prayer directs us sinners where to find our help. This is the holy life of faith in Jesus Christ.

Garrett: Q: What is the Introduction to the Lord’s Prayer?  Q:  What does this  mean? 

P:  What is The First Petition of the Lord’s Prayer? 

C:  “Hallowed be Thy name.”

P:  What does this  mean?

C:  God’s name is certainly holy in itself, but we pray in this petition that it may be kept holy among us also.

God’s name is kept holy when the Word of God is taught in its truth and purity and when we live according to that Word of God.

P:  What is The Second Petition of the Lord’s Prayer? 

C: “Thy kingdom come.” 

P:  What does this  mean?

C:  The kingdom of God certainly comes by itself without our prayer, but we pray in this petition that it may come to us also.

How does God’s kingdom come? God’s kingdom comes when our heavenly Father gives us His Holy Spirit, so that by His grace we believe His holy Word and lead godly lives here in time and there in eternity.

P:  What is The Third Petition of the Lord’s Prayer? 

C: “Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven.” 

P:  What does this  mean?  C:The good and gracious will of God is done even without our prayer, but we pray in this petition that it may be done among us also.

P:  What is The Fourth Petition of the Lord’s Prayer? 

C: “Give us this day our daily bread.” 

P:  What does this  mean?  

C:  God certainly gives daily bread to everyone without our prayers, even to all evil people, but we pray in this petition that God would lead us to realize this and to receive our daily bread with thanksgiving.

P:  What is The Fifth Petition of the Lord’s Prayer? 

C:  “Forgive us our trespasses as we for forgive those who trespass against us.” 

P:  What does this mean? 

C:  We pray in this petition that our Father in heaven would not look at our sins, or deny our prayer because of them.  We are neither worthy of the things for which we pray, nor have we deserved them, but we ask that He would give them all to us by grace, for we daily sin much and surely deserve nothing but punishment.  So we too will sincerely forgive and gladly do good to those who sin against us.

Garrett: Q: What is The Sixth Petition of the Lord’s Prayer? 

Q:  What does this mean? 

P:  What is The Seventh Petition of the Lord’s Prayer? 

C:  “But deliver us from evil.”

P:  What does this mean? 

C:  We pray in this petition, in summary, that our Father in heaven would rescue us from every evil of body and soul, possessions and reputation, and finally, when our last hour comes, give us a blessed end, and graciously take us from this valley of sorrow to Himself in heaven. 

P:  What is The conclusion of the Lord’s Prayer? 

C:  “For Thine is the kingdom, and the power and the glory forever and ever. Amen.”  

P:  What does this mean?  

C:  This means that I should be certain that these petitions are pleasing to our Father in heaven, and are heard by Him. Amen, amen, means, “Yes, yes, it shall be so.”

The Sacraments 

A sacrament is a sacred act instituted by God; in which God Himself has joined His Word of promise to a visible element; and by which He offers, gives, and seals the forgiveness of sins earned by Christ.

We have two sacraments in the church, the sacrament of Baptism, the Sacrament of Holy Communion. Sometimes Holy Absolution is counted as a third sacrament, even though it has no divinely instituted visible element.


Garrett:  Q: What is Baptism? 

P:  What benefits does Baptism give?  

C:  It works forgiveness of sins, rescues from death and the devil, and gives eternal salvation to all who believe this, as the words and promises of God declare.

P:  What does Baptism do for us? 

C:  Baptism unites us with the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of sins, and bestows upon us the gift of the Holy Spirit and faith in Christ. 

Garrett: Q: How can water do such great things? 

P:  What does baptizing with water indicate? 

C:  It indicates that the Old Adam in us should by daily contrition and repentance be drowned and die with all sins and evil desires, and that a new man should daily emerge and arise to live before God in righteousness and purity forever.

Confession and Absolution

Linked with our baptism and our new life in Christ is Confession and Absolution. We refer to this as the Office of the Keys.

P:  Name some benefits of Absolution? 

C:  Absolution strengthens our faith in Christ and gives us comfort and help against sin and temptation.

Garrett: Q: What is confession? 

P:  What sins should we confess? 

C:  Before God we should plead guilty of all sins, even those we are not aware of, as we do in the Lord’s Prayer; but before the pastor we should confess only those sins which we know and feel in our hearts.

Garrett: Q: What is the Office of the Keys?  

P:  What do you believe according to these words? 

C:  I believe that when the called ministers of Christ deal with us by his divine command, in particular when they exclude openly unrepentant sinners from the Christian congregation and absolve those who repent of their sins and want to do better, this is just as valid and certain even in heaven, as if Christ our dear Lord dealt with us himself.

The Lord’s Supper  

Garrett:  Q: What is the Sacrament of the Altar?  

P:  Describe some of the marvelous results from this holy meal? 

C:  The Lord’s Supper gives us Christ’s body and blood as medicine against our sinful flesh, the sin and trouble of this world, and the temptations of the devil. This sacrament is given so “that we might learn to believe that Christ, out of great love, died for our sin, and also learn from him to love God and our neighbor.

Q:  What else do we receive in the Lord’s Supper?  

P:  How are the bread and wine in the Sacrament of the Altar the body and blood of Christ? 

C:  The bread and wine in the Sacrament are Christ’s body and blood by sacramental union. 

P:  This is most certainly true, and by the power of His word, Christ gives His body and blood in, with, and under the consecrated (blessed) bread and wine.

P:  What is the benefit of this eating and drinking?

C:  These words, “give and shed for you for the forgiveness of sins,” show us that in the Sacrament forgiveness, life and salvation are given us through these words.  For where there is forgiveness of sins, there is also life and salvation.

Garrett: Q: How can bodily eating and drinking do such great things?  

P:  Who receives this sacrament worthily? 

C:  Fasting and bodily preparation are certainly fine outward training. But that person is truly worthy and well prepared who has faith in these words: “Given and shed for you for the forgiveness of sins.” But anyone who does not believe these words or doubts them is unworthy and unprepared, for the words “for you” require all hearts to believe.

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